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Thread: apache2 mod_userdir 'forbidden' error

  1. #1
    Join Date
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    Angry apache2 mod_userdir 'forbidden' error

    I have installed apache2 on 9.04 with
    Code:
    tasksel lamp-server
    . I used
    Code:
    a2enmod userdir
    and restarted apache. I created a public_html directory in my HOME. But I get a 403 Forbidden error when I navigate to http://localhost/~myuser/ or anything under it.

    If I just go to http://localhost/ everything there works.

    I have tried creating symlinks (/var/www/sites/ -> /home/myuser/public_html/), but i still get the same thing.

    PS: I have an encrypted home directory. Is it anything to do with that? If so, any workarounds?

  2. #2
    Join Date
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    Re: apache2 mod_userdir 'forbidden' error

    PS: I have an encrypted home directory. Is it anything to do with that? If so, any workarounds?
    It sounds to me the source of your problem. Why do you need your public_html folder encrypted? try to separate them if possible.
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  3. #3
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    Smile Re: apache2 mod_userdir 'forbidden' error

    It's not that I needed public-html encrypted, It's just that's where I always had it. I have changed my methods and now store everything under /var/www/sites/

    Thanks for your reply though.

  4. #4
    Join Date
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    Houghton, MI
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    Ubuntu 13.04 Raring Ringtail

    Re: apache2 mod_userdir 'forbidden' error

    You're getting the error because of permissions. Set each user's home directory and public_html folder to have the group owner as www-data

    /home/user/ -(user:www-data)
    /home/user/public_html -(user:www-data)
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  5. #5
    Join Date
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    Maryland, USA
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    Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron

    Re: apache2 mod_userdir 'forbidden' error

    You could also try "chmod 755" on the public_html directory. "chmod 777" may work too, but that isn't very secure, since anybody can upload files and execute them (such as php scripts that bring phishing sites), which just isn't fun.


    Alex

  6. #6
    wojox is offline I Ubuntu, Therefore, I Am
    Join Date
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    Re: apache2 mod_userdir 'forbidden' error

    Why don't you put anything in /var/www/sites/ ?

  7. #7
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    Jul 2009
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    Re: apache2 mod_userdir 'forbidden' error

    I’m new to the Ubuntu game, so correct me if I’m wrong. I just switch from Windows to Ubuntu Server.
    When I made changes to the /var/www folder I had to use theses commands and it worked for me. The first command I only used it once.

    sudo usermod -g www-data [YOUR USERNAME]
    sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www
    sudo chmod -R 775 /var/www

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Mar 2008
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    Re: apache2 mod_userdir 'forbidden' error

    I'm having a similar issue and I think apache simply can't use symlinks to an encrypted home directory. I installed Ubuntu on two systems, one with an encrypted home and one without and did:
    sudo rm /var/www/index.html ; sudo rmdir /var/www
    mkdir /home/atagar/web
    sudo ln -s /home/atagar/web /var/www
    echo "<html><h1>yay, it's working</h1></html>" > /home/atagar/web/index.html

    For the unencryped system visiting localhost works. However, from the encrypted system it produces a 403 (Forbidden) error. Firefox can still read the file (going to "file:///home/atagar/web/index.html" works), but guess apache just can't touch the encryped home for some reason. I've tried changing the groups to 'www-data' as suggested without success. The obvious workaround is just to use someplace unencrypted:
    sudo mkdir /home/web
    sudo chown atagar /home/web
    sudo ln -s /home/web /var/www

  9. #9
    Join Date
    Mar 2005
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    Re: apache2 mod_userdir 'forbidden' error

    Hello,

    for Apache to access your public_html directory, you must allow it to read your home dir (i.e. /home/user). So make sure that others can read and access (execute) (chmod o+rx /home/user). Please note that everybody with access to this machine will be able to read your home directory then.

    Martin

    P.S.: You don't need to set group to www-data and it works on an encrypted disk as long as you are logged in.

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